Brain and Cognition


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Summary:

The Brain and Cognition community organizes since 2017 around an interdisciplinary program called NeuroCoG. These two sessions showcase two major research topics in Grenoble: cognitive and translational neuroscience in Grenoble with the June 3rd workshop "Brain plasticity and neurorehabilitation", and cognition and artificial intelligence with the June 4th workshop "From Brain and Cognition to Artificial Intelligence".

Detailed programme:

Monday 3 June - Workshop « Brain Plasticity and neurorehabilitation »
10:30am - 12:30pm Session « Synaptic plasticity »
Chairman: Frédéric Saudou

10:30 - 10:45 Introduction
- Frédéric Saudou, Professor - Director of the Grenoble Institute of Neuroscience (GIN), Univ. Grenoble Alpes

10:45 - 11:20 Super-resolution imaging of neural structure and function
- Valentin Närgel, Professor of Neuroscience and Bio-imaging - Interdisciplinary Institute for NeuroScience, University of Bordeaux


11:20 - 11:55 The needs of a synapse - how local organelles serve synaptic function
- Mickael Kreutz, Professor - Center for Molecular Neurobiology (ZMNH), Hamburg


11:55 - 12:30 Autophagy is required to enhance cognition and integrate the effects of youthful systemic factors in the aged brain
- Franck Oury, Professor - Institut Necker Enfants Malades (INEM), Université Paris Descartes
12:30pm - 2pm Lunch
2pm - 4pm Session  « Brain computer interaction and language »
Chairwoman: Monica Baciu

2:00 - 2:15 Introduction
- Monica Baciu, Professor - LPNC, Univ. Grenoble Alpes

2:15 - 2:50 The sensorimotor side of speech perception
- Alessandro d’Ausilio, Professor - University of Ferrara


2:50 - 3:25 Neuroplasticity associated with an efficient fluency-shaping stuttering therapy
- Christian Kell, Neurologist - Brain Imaging Center, Frankfurt


3:25 - 4:00 Neurotechnologies for speech rehabilitation
- Blaise Yvert, Inserm Research Director - Univ. Grenoble Alpes
4pm - 4:30pm
Coffee break
4:30pm - 6pm
Session « Cognitive Remediation and Social Cognition »
Chairwoman: Céline Baeyens

4:30 - 4:45 Introduction
- Céline Baeyens, Professor - LIP/PC2S, Univ. Grenoble Alpes

4:45 - 5:20 Representations of actions and their embedded awareness in the human brain
- Angela Sirigu, Research Director and Director of the Institute of Cognitive Science Marc Jeannerod - University of Lyon


5:20 - 5:55 Cognitive remediation and revovery (in French)
- Nicolas Franck, Clinical Professor - CHU Lyon, Centre Le Vinatier
Tuesday 4 June - Workshop «From Brain and Cognition to Artificial Intelligence »
10:30am - 12:30pm Session « Bio-inspired information processing »
Chairman: Martial Mermillod

10:30 - 10:45 Introduction
- Martial Mermillod, Professor - LPNC, Univ. Grenoble Alpes

10:45 - 11:20 Is the study of machine learning distracting for neurosciences
- Michel Dojat, Inserm Research Director - Univ. Grenoble Alpes


11:20 - 11:55 Is the study of human intelligence "distracting" for artificial intelligence
-
Martial Mermillod, Professor - LPNC, Univ. Grenoble Alpes

11:55 - 12:30 Embedded Hardware Architectures for AI
- Lorena Anghel, Professor - TIMA, Univ. Grenoble Alpes
12:30pm - 2pm Lunch
2pm - 4pm Session « Neurocognitive architectures for perception and action »
Chairwoman: Sophie Achard

2:00 - 2:15 Introduction
- Sophie Achard, Research Director - GIPSA-lab, Univ. Grenoble Alpes

2:15 - 2:50 The hippocampo-cortical loop: implication in spatial processing and social interaction
- Philippe Gaussier, Professor of Artificial Intelligence and robotics - ETIS, Cergy-Pontoise University

2:50 - 3:25 Bayes from cell to chip
- Pierre Bessière, Research Director - Institute for Intelligent Systems and Robotics (ISIR), Paris


3:25 - 4:00 Graph Signal Processing: an interpretable framework to link neurocognitive architectures with brain activity
- Nicolas Farrugia, Associate Professor - IMT Atlantique
4pm - 4:30pm
Coffee break
4:30pm - 6pm
Session « Neurocognitive processing of speech and language »
Chairman: Jean-Luc Schwartz

4:30 - 4:45 Introduction
- Jean-Luc Schwartz, Responsable of the Pôle Grenoble Cognition and Principal Investigator of the ERC project Speech Unit(e)s - GIPSA-lab, Univ. Grenoble Alpes

4:45 - 5:20 Speech processing with and without neural oscillations
- Anne-Lise Giraud, Professor - Biotech Campus, University of Geneva


5:20 - 5:55 Bayesian Algorithmic Modeling of speech perception and production: the COSMO model
- Julien Diard, CNRS Researcher - LPNC, Univ. Grenoble Alpes

Main speakers:

Lorena AnghelLorena Anghel
Professor - TIMA, Univ. Grenoble Alpes

L. Anghel's presentation covers next generation hardware neural network implementations for AI, opening new opportunities to embed AI in autonomous applications such as automotive, health care, wearable and smart sensor devices. These architectures are based on innovative circuit and architecture designs, use current or exotic fabrication technologies and adapt to different learning strategies to find the best trade-off in terms of hardware scalability, power efficiency, communication latency and data privacy.  At Université Grenoble Alpes, her recent research work deals with spiking neural network architectures implementations, for reliable and secure applications.
Pierre BessierePierre Bessière
Research Director - Institute for Intelligent Systems and Robotics (ISIR), Paris

Pierre Bessière is Research Director at  CNRS, which he joined in 1992. An ENSIMAG engineer, he completed his doctoral thesis as a computer scientist in 1983. After a Post-Doctorate at the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) on a project for NASA, he spent 5 years at ITMI as R&D Manager in Artificial Intelligence. From 1995 to 2010 he led the BAYESIAN-PROGRAMMING.ORG research group: Random Models for Perception, Inference and Action. He initiated and led the European basic research project on Bayesian models called BIBA (Bayesian Inspired Brain and Artefact) and participated in its extension as part of the European project BACS (Bayesian Approach to Cognitive Systems) and finally the European project BAMBI (Bottom-up Approaches to Machines dedicated to Bayesian Inference). In 2010 he joined the Laboratory of the Physiology of Perception and Action (LPPA) at the Collège de France and in 2015 the Institute of Intelligent Systems and Robotics (ISIR) at Sorbonne University. Pierre BESSIERE is one of the founders of the companies ProbaYes and HawAI.tech where he acts as scientific advisor.
Alessandro d'AusilioAlessandro d’Ausilio
Professor - Ferrare University


Alessandro D'Ausilio studied Experimental Psychology and obtained a Ph.D. in Cognitive Psychology from the Sapienza University of Rome. During his Ph.D. he spent extended research periods both at MIT and the Eberhart-Karls-Universität in Tübingen. Soon after the Ph.D. he received a three-years postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Ferrara. Later he joined the Italian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Genova, first as a Senior Post-doc and then since 2012 as a Researcher in the Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences Department. In 2016 he moved to the IIT Center of Translational Neurophysiology for Speech and Communication, hosted by the University of Ferrara. In 2017 he became Associate Professor of Physiology at the University of Ferrara.
Julien DiardJulien Diard
CNRS Researcher - LPNC, Univ. Grenoble Alpes

Since 2005, Julien Diard hold a full time research position at CNRS (French National Center for Scientific Research). He works at the LPNC, the Psychology and NeuroCognition Laboratory, in Grenoble. He is interested in probabilistic modeling of sensorimotor systems performing or learning perception and action tasks, such as speech perception and production, or visual word recognition and reading. In these domains, he develops Bayesian Algorithmic models, that is to say, structured and hierarchical probabilistic models, that incorporate and allow testing theoretical constructs and hypotheses from experimental psychology and cognitive science.
Michel DojatMichel Dojat
Inserm Research Director - Univ. Grenoble Alpes


Michel Dojat is Research Director at Institute National for Health and Medical Research (Inserm). His major field of study are Neuroimaging, Neuroinformatics, Image and Signal analysis with a specific focus on Human Vision. He is involved in AI in medicine and has developed specific tools for brain analysis and ICU monitoring. He co-manages a national project (FLI-IAM) for the management of data, metadata and processing pipelines for in vivo imaging to support data sharing for clinical and preclinical studies. He is cofounder and scientific advisor of Pixyl, a AI-based medical services company. He is senior fellow IEEE and was member of the editorial board of the Artificial Intelligence in Medicine journal. He received his engineer diploma in Material Physics from Insa (Lyon, Fr, 1982), a PhD in Computer Science (Paris, Fr, 1994) and a Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches (Grenoble, Fr, 1999).
Nicolas FarrugiaNicolas Farrugia
Associate Professor - IMT Atlantique

Initially trained in electrical engineering at ENSEA and Université de Cergy-Pontoise, Nicolas obtained his PhD in 2008 from Université de Bourgogne, working on hardware implementations of convolutional neural networks. In 2010, Nicolas moved to the field of cognitive neurosciences, with a focus on the neurosciences of music. He studied the effect of rhythm in the rehabilitation of Parkinson’s Disease, as well as brain oscillations, musical performance in drumming, and involuntary musical imagery. Nicolas uses a wide range of cognitive neuroscience methods such as EEG, functional MRI, as well as behavioral psychology methods and motion capture. Since 2015, Nicolas joined IMT Atlantique (previously known as Telecom Bretagne) to engage into a transdisciplinary effort, combining methods from Neuroscience, Deep Learning and Graph signal processing. Since 2016, he is co-leader of the Br.A.In. (Brain-inspired Artificial Intelligence) project, together with Vincent Gripon. (www.brain.bzh)
Nicolas FranckNicolas Franck
Clinical Professor - CHU Lyon, Centre Le Vinatier


Nicolas Franck has been a university professor and hospital practitioner at the University Hospital of Lyon since 2005. At Le Vinatier Hospital, he is responsible for the Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Cognitive Remediation Resource Centre (CRR), the Lyon Reference Centre for Cognitive Rehabilitation and Remediation (CL3R) and a structure dedicated to adult autism spectrum disorders (TS2A).
Philippe gaussierPhilippe Gaussier
Professor of Artificial Intelligence and robotics - ETIS, Cergy-Pontoise University

hilippe Gaussier is a professor of Artificial Intelligence and robotics at the University Paris Seine (Cergy Pontoise). He uses robots as tool and model to study in "real life" conditions the coherence and the dynamics of different cognitive models (ecological and developmental perspective). New models are proposed and lead to new neurobiological or psychological experiments. Currently, his works are focused on one hand on the modelization of the cognitive mechanisms involved in visual perception, motivated navigation, action selection and on the other hand on the study of the dynamical interactions between individuals (imitation capabilities, social interactions, collective intelligence...). His research interests include the modelization of the hippocampus and its relations with prefrontal cortex, the basal ganglia and other cortical structures like parietal, temporal areas. He is also working on an empirical formalism to analyze and compare different cognitive architectures. This formalism is applied to study the dynamics of the interactions between autonomous systems and their development. Current robotic applications include autonomous and on-line learning for motivated visual navigation (place learning, visual homing, object discremination...) and imitation games.
Anne-Lise GiraudAnne-Lise Giraud
Professor - Biotech Campus, University of Geneva

Anne-Lise Giraud obtained her PhD in Neurosciences at University Claude Bernard Lyon in 1997, and did a post-doc at the Functional Imaging Laboratory-UCL in London. In 1999 she joined the Goethe University in Frankurt/Main, where she became a Principal Investigator at the Frankfurt Brain Imaging Center. She was appointed CNRS research associate in 2003 and research director in 2006. In 2005, she co-founded the Cognitive Neuroscience Inserm Lab (U960) at Ecole Normale Supérieure (Paris), where she directed an Inserm team for 7 years. In 2011 she was awarded a consolidator grant from the European Research Council. In 2013, she was appointed full professor at the University of Geneva. Since then she obtained several grants from the Swiss National Funds and the European Commission to carry out her experimental and theoretical research on the role of neural oscillations in speech sampling and coding, which she and her team currently explore using a combination of invasive electrophysiology in patients, computational modeling and conventional neuroimaging mostly with MEG. Anne-Lise Giraud is the author of 80 international publications, and one “grand public” book, Le cerveau et les maux de la parole, Odile Jacob, 2018.
Christian KellChristian Kell
Neurologist - Brain Imaging Center, Frankfurt

Christian Kell is a Neurologist and Neuroscientist at Goethe University Frankfurt. He trained with Anne-Lise Giraud at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris in Neuroimaging of speech production and is now Co-Director of the Brain Imaging Center and of the Epilepsy Center Rhein Main in Frankfurt. His studies include investigations on physiological speech production, Parkinsonian speech, developmental stuttering, and on the circadian modulation of perception. He specialized in establishing structure-function relationships guiding Functional Neurosurgery. For more information, please visit www.brainclocks.com
Mickael KreutzMickael Kreutz
Professor - Center for Molecular Neurobiology (ZMNH), Hamburg

Michael Kreutz studied psychology, philosophy and linguistics at the University of Münster, Germany and then performed his PhD studies in Behavioral Neurosciences at the Ruhr University in Bochum, Germany. Subsequently he became a research fellow at the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT, USA. From 1990 to 1993 he was staff scientist in the Department of Molecular Neuroendocrinology at the Max Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine in Göttingen, Germany. In 1993 he moved to Magdeburg and he is currently head of the Neuroplasticity research group (NPlast) at the Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology. Since October 2015 he has a second affiliation at the Center for Molecular Neurobiology (ZMNH) in Hamburg where he is heading the Leibniz Group 'Dendritic Organelles and Synaptic Function'.
Martial MermillodMartial Mermillod
Professor - LPNC, Univ. Grenoble Alpes


Martial Mermillod (Laboratory of Psychology & NeuroCognition, Univ. Grenoble Alpes & CNRS, https://lpnc.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/Martial-Mermillod) is a scientific researcher in the fields of neural computation, psychological sciences and cognitive neurosciences. His research in the field of visual perception and cognition is pointing to the importance of low spatial frequencies for visual threat detection in biological and artificial neural networks as well as the importance of recurrent synaptic weights for predictive capacities at the basis of human and artificial intelligence. He is also working in social psychology on the authoritarianism, dehumanisation and empathic processes in a neuroscientific perspective.
Valentin NägerlValentin Nägerl
Professor of Neuroscience and Bio-imaging - Interdisciplinary Institute for NeuroScience, University of Bordeaux

Valentin Nägerl is a full professor of neuroscience and bio-imaging at the University of Bordeaux and heads a research group at the Interdisciplinary Institute for NeuroScience of the CNRS / University of Bordeaux.  His team develops and applies super-resolution microscopy techniques to discover and unravel the morpho-functional mechanisms of neural plasticity in the mammalian brain.
In 2016 he received the ’Equipe FRM’ award and in 2017 became a member of the prestigious ’Institut Universitaire de France’.
Franck OuryFranck Oury
Professor - Institut Necker Enfants Malades (INEM), Université Paris Descartes

Dr. Oury is a graduate of Louis Pasteur University in Strasbourg, France, where he trained in the field of neurobiology in the laboratory of Dr. Filippo Rijli (Institut de Génétique et Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC)). His doctoral work demonstrated the crucial role of the homeobox transcription factors for the establishment of the sensory neuronal connectivity. He then moved to Columbia University, New York, USA, in the laboratory of Gerard Karsenty, where he gained expertise in neuro- and integrative-physiology, identifying novel endocrine functions of the skeleton in regulating gonadal, pancreatic and brain functions. Since 2014, he joined the Institute Necker (INEM) as a group leader. The main research interest of his team is to understand and characterize how brain development and cognitive functions are modulated by hormonal factors in normal, pathological and aging conditions. He recently focused on the role of neuronal autophagy has an essential intracellular mediator mechanism of the effect of systemic factors and its impact on brain cognitive fitness, plasticity and aging processes.
Angela SiriguAngela Sirigu
Research Director and Director of the Institute of Cognitive Science Marc Jeannerod - University of Lyon

The main area of research of Angela Sirigu is neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience. With her collaborators, she uses a set of behavioral and euroimaging techniques (fMRI, EEG, TMS, cortical stimulation) to understand the functions of different brain regions. She has a longstanding interest on the role of parietal cortex in motor functions, conscousness and motor plasticity. Her research also focuses on the contribution of social and emotional factors to decision-making and how these are disrupted in autism. Finally, she is investigating the role of the oxytocinergic system in the appeareance of social disturbances.
Blaise YvertBlaise Yvert
Inserm Research Director - Univ. Grenoble Alpes

Blaise Yvert is a senior researcher leading the team Neurotechnology and Network Dynamics at BrainTech Laboratory Inserm / Univ Grenoble Alpes U1205. Since 2003, he has been coordinating several collaborative projects to develop multichannel technology for CNS interfacing. In 2012- 2013 he became appointed Fulbright Visiting Scholar at the Brown Institute for Brain Sciences in the field of human brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). Since 2013, his research interests focus on the development of neurotechnologies and BCIs systems to restore speech from the decoding of brain signals.