Towards a dynamic and holistic approach to Disaster Risk Reduction



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Summary:

Climate change and densification of urban areas strongly increase disaster risk, so that the development of resilience capabilities becomes crucial. The workshop will focus on risk modelling, together with some innovative approaches regarding citizen awareness, assessment and decision-making for disaster risk reduction.

Detailed programme:

Wednesday 5 June
8:30am - 10:00am Citizen Awareness & Resilience
Chairman: Sandrine CAROLY (PACTE)

8:30 - 9:00 Citizen-awareness in Seismology
- Rémy Bossu, Seismologist and head of the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre - Euro-Med Seismological Centre, France

9:00 - 9:30 Culture against disasters. Feasible, useful? Protecting cultural landscapes and traditional built up techniques as prevention/mitigation of natural disasters
- Ferruccio Ferrigini - University of Naples, Italy

9:30 - 10:00 Integrated approaches in Natech risk analysis: hazards, vulnerability, risks and resilience
- Ahmed Mebarki, 
Professor of Civil Engineering & Risk Management - University Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée, France
10am - 10:30am Coffee break
10:30am - 12:30pm 10:30 - 11:00 Agent-based modelling of natural risks: opportunities for understanding crises and raising awareness
- Elise BECK, Associate Professor of Geography - Universté Grenoble Alpes, PACTE, France

Domino Effects & Emerging Risks
Chairman: Denis JONGMANS (ISTerre)

11:00 - 11:30 Major Accidents involving Domino Effects and Interaction of Technological Risk with Natural Hazards
- Valerio Cozzani, Professor of Chemical Engineering and Director of the M.Sc. programs in Offshore Engineering - University of Bologna, Laboratory of Industrial Safety and Environmental Sustainability, DICAM, Italy

11:30 - 12:00 Archeoseismology as a key interdisciplinary approach for risk characterization (South America and France)
- Laurence Audin,
Earth science researcher specialized in natural hazards - ISTerre, IRD, France

12:00 - 12:30 Enhanced permafrost creep rate on mountain slopes: an emerging risk?
- Reynald Delaloye, Professor of Geosciences - Univ. of Freiburg, Switzerland
12:30pm - 2pm Lunch
2pm - 4pm Risk Assessment & Decision-Making
Chairman: Didier GEORGES (GIPSA-lab)

14:00 - 14:30 Scientific advances and challenges in risk assessment and management
- Terje Aven, Professor of Risk Analysis and Risk Management - University of Stavanger, Norway

14:30 - 15:00 Imperfect knowledge management, information fusion applied to risk assessment & decision-making
- Jean Dezert, Senior Researcher - ONERA, Palaiseau, France

15:00 - 15:30 Engineering Resilience of Interdependent Energy Infrastructures
- Giovanni Sansavini, Professor of Reliability & Risk Engineering - ETH Zurich Risk Center, Switzerland

 15:30 - 16:00 Does crop insurance lead to a better financial and environmental situation? Evidence from French farms
- Geoffroy Enjolras,
Professor of finance and head of the department in audit-accounting-control-finance - Grenoble IAE, the Graduate School of Management of Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, CERAG, France

Main speakers:

Laurence AUDINLaurence Audin
Earth science researcher specialized in natural hazards - ISTerre, IRD, France

Laurence Audin, is an earth science researcher specialized in natural hazards (earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis..) at ISTerre (joined research IRD team). She is involved in various research projects such as the active IDEX Risk group, in France and South America with focus social aspects of natural hazards impacts. She is co-leading the International Laboratory “Earthquakes and Volcanoes” with France, Ecuador and Peru (LMI SVAN IRD), supervised 11 PhD, 2 post docs and co-authored 96 peer review publications. Additionally, she is involved in outreach activities with scholars as well as inTUE UGA Doctoral School.
Terje AvenTerje Aven
Professor of Risk Analysis and Risk Management - University of Stavanger, Norway

Terje Aven is Professor of Risk Analysis and Risk Management at the University of Stavanger, Norway, He has many years of experience as a risk analyst and consultant in industry, and is the author of many books and papers covering a broad range of risk science topics.  He has served as the Chair of the European Safety and Reliability Association (ESRA) and as the President of the Society for Risk Analysis (SRA) worldwide.  He is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Risk and Reliability, and Associate editor for Risk Analysis.
Elise BECKElise Beck
Associate Professor of Geography - Univ. Grenoble Alpes, PACTE, France

Elise Beck is lecturer in geography at Grenoble Alpes University. As a researcher at Pacte Laboratory, she studies the social dimension of natural disasters, including prevention strategies, social vulnerability and its components like risk perception. Following multidisciplinary approach, her recent works deal with dynamic simulation like agent-based modeling to better understand the stakes of crises and to develop training tools for stakeholders.

Rémy BOSSURémy Bossu
Seismologist and head of the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre - Euro-Med Seismological Centre, France

Dr. Rémy Bossu is a seismologist who has always been interested in topics of societal relevance. At the head of the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC), Bossu has focused his studies on improving rapid earthquake information and harnessing the collective power of citizens to rapidly constrain earthquakes’ impact through Internet and mobile applications. Those ideas led to the concept of citizen seismology, merging crowd-sourcing tools, flash-sourcing (an innovative approach based on real time analysis of web traffic), the use of social media, educational activities, seismological data, and citizen-operated seismic networks.
 
Valerio COZZANIValerio Cozzani
Professor of Chemical Engineering and Director of the M.Sc. programs in Offshore Engineering - University of Bologna, Laboratory of Industrial Safety and Environmental Sustainability, DICAM, Italy

Valerio Cozzani is Professor of Chemical Engineering and Director of the M.Sc. programs in Offshore Engineering at University of Bologna. He leads the laboratory of industrial safety and environmental sustainability, and has about 20 years of research experience in risk analysis and safety assessment of industrial activities in the energy and chemical sectors.

Reynald DELALOYEReynald Delaloye
Professor of Geosciences - Univ. of Freiburg, Switzerland

Reynald Delaloye got diploma (1997) and PhD (2004) degrees in geography from the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, for a regional inventory of rock glaciers in the southwestern Valais Alps and investigation on marginal permafrost occurrences and interactions between glaciers and permafrost. He is professor in physical geography at the University of Fribourg since 2008. Reynald Delaloye was one of the pioneer of the monitoring network on permafrost in Switzerland (PERMOS) by the end of the 1990s. He is currently co-leading this network with his colleagues Prof. Hauck and Hoelzle. Member of the national Commission for Cryosphere (EKK/scnat), he is also the representative of Switzerland to the global terrestrial network on permafrost (GTN-P) and the International Permafrost Association (IPA). His research activities have focused in particular on slope movements in mountain permafrost regions. He has worked both on developing tools permitting their detection (identification, outlining and quantification) principally based of the exploitation of InSAR data on the one hand and on process analysis and monitoring techniques for selected sites on the other hand. On request of the cantonal and communal authorities he has also conducted monitoring operations and hazard assessments related to rapidly moving rock glaciers in the Valais Alps in particular (e.g. valley of Zermatt).

Jean DEZERTJean Dezert
Senior Researcher - ONERA, France
Geoffroy ENJOLRASGeoffroy Enjolras
Professor of finance and head of the department in audit-accounting-control-finance - Grenoble IAE, the Graduate School of Management of Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, CERAG, France

Geoffroy Enjolras is full professor of finance and head of the department in audit-accounting-control-finance at Grenoble IAE, the Graduate School of Management of Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, France. His research in the CERAG research laboratory is focused on risk management issues, especially regarding natural disasters and agricultural finance. He is involved in many national and international research projects which address the issues of natural risks hedging, the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy and environmentally friendly farming.
Ferruccio FERRIGNIFerruccio Ferrigini
University of Naples, Italy
Ahmed MEBARKIAhmed Mebarki
Professor of Civil Engineering & Risk Management - University Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée, France

Ahmed Mebraki, graduated as Civil Engineer (Ecole Nationale Polytechnique, Algiers), Docteur-Ingénieur (Institut National des Sciences Appliquées, Toulouse) and Docteur d’Etat ès-Sciences (Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse), is oustanding full professor at University Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée, where he founded and/or headed research laboratory, school for doctoral studies, civil engineering department, and has been academic college dean.
His research works focus on « Natural and Technological risks » : modeling and simulation of hazards, vulnerability of building and infrastructures, domino effects, guided crowd evacuation and resilience. He collaborated and coordinated various research projects, at French level as well as international cooperation (Africa, North and South America, Asia and Europe).

Giovanni SANSAVINIGiovanni Sansavini
Professor of Reliability & Risk Engineering - ETH Zurich Risk Center, Switzerland

Giovanni Sansavini received his B.S. in Energy Engineering, M.A. and Ph.D degrees in Nuclear Engineering, respectively, in 2003, 2005 and 2010 from Politecnico di Milano. In 2010, as a member of the Atlantis Dual Doctoral Degree Program, he received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Virginia Tech.
He is currently an Assistant Professor of Reliability and Risk Engineering at ETH Zurich. His research focuses on the development of hybrid analytical and computational tools suitable for analyzing and simulating failure behaviors of engineered complex systems. Systems of interest are highly integrated energy networks, energy supply with large penetrations of renewables, communication, transport, and other physically networked critical infrastructures. He aims to quantitatively define reliability, vulnerability, resilience and risk within these systems using a computational approach based on techno-economic modelling, Monte Carlo simulation, soft computing techniques, and optimization.